Cambodia is one of the poorest countries in Southeast Asia. It is still marked by the negative consequences of the "Khmer Rouge" regime. Authoritarian rule and a weak democracy are hampering economic development. Agriculture provides a livelihood for some 80 per cent of the population and still has enormous potential for development. Through a broad-based country aid strategy, HEKS/EPER and its partner organizations are working to secure the livelihoods of Cambodian smallholder families and boost their autonomy. This involves several complementary projects to improve agricultural output and foster peaceful coexistence in society.
In 2020 HEKS/EPER helped deal with 90 conflicts over land and resources – some of them long-standing ones. Twenty-eight were resolved peacefully. This meant access to 2000 hectares of land for roughly 2500 people. HEKS/EPER also facilitated market access for small agricultural producers, enabling almost 350 families to increase their incomes.