The 1982-2005 civil war destroyed most of the already scant infrastructure in the villages of Central Equatoria Province. Even today the population is not assured of basic services. HEKS/EPER therefore supports five local partner organizations in developing rural communities. HEKS/EPER is improving water supplies and sanitation, it runs literacy courses, vocational training and peacebuilding programmes and promotes organic farming as well as fish breeding and animal husbandry. Moreover, partner organizations are being empowered through continuing training programmes to liaise between civil society and authorities in order to secure fulfilment of the population's right to food, land, water, education, health and safety.
The civil war has produced more than 3.4 million refugees on the move.
In 2017 HEKS/EPER provided emergency aid for some 100000 people.